Research Fellows

Laura Huey, Ph.D.

Dr. Laura Huey is an Associate Professor at the University of Western Ontario and the Director of the Canadian Society of Evidence Based Policing. She is a member of the Board of SERENE-RISC (a cybercrime research consortium), a Senior Researcher and University Representative for the Canadian Network for Research on Terrorism, Security and Society, a Research Fellow with the London Police Service and sits on the CAPG Research & Policy Committee and the Board of the Canadian Association of Police Educators. She was previously also a member of the Council of Canadian Academies’ Expert Panel on the Future of Policing Models. Her current research and educational work focuses on police well-being (peer support; trauma and resiliency) and the incorporation of evidence based policing into police training and education.

Valarie Findlay, M.A.

Valarie Findlay has nearly two decades of senior expertise in Canadian federal government and Royal Canadian Mounted Police initiatives for mission critical systems and infrastructure for public safety. She holds a Masters in Terrorism Studies from the University of St. Andrew’s and her dissertation, “The Impact of Terrorism on the Transformation of Law Enforcement”, examining the transformation of law enforcement in Western Nations due to the globalization of terrorism.

Ms. Findlay specialized in cybersecurity in her undergraduate study and works extensively in this domain; she has produced research papers in this area focusing on countering cyber-terrorism, security capabilities and strategic renewal. Currently, she is developing the Threat Information Gathering and Incident Reporting System (TIGIRS) and algorithm, which emerged from her extensive cyber security research. In her spare time, she is preparing her doctoral thesis, terrorism as a social phenomenon and its validation of Norbert Elias’ civilising process.

Christine Gardiner, Ph.D.

Christine Gardiner is an Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at California State University, Fullerton. She received her Ph.D. in Criminology, Law and Society from the University of California, Irvine and her M.Phil. in Criminology from Cambridge University, England. She is also a certified Crime and Intelligence Analyst. Her research interests include policing, crime policy, and juvenile delinquency. Dr. Gardiner was awarded a prestigious National Institute of Justice Dissertation Fellowship to support her research on the effects of Proposition 36 (California’s drug treatment in lieu of incarceration initiative) on criminal justice practitioners in Orange County, CA. Her most recent research focuses on police education and training.

She has written several articles which have been published in Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Criminal Justice Policy Review, Federal Probation, and Journal of Drug Issues. Her book, Policing for the 21st Century: Realizing the vision of police in a free society (with Matthew Hickman) will be published in late 2015 by Kendall Hunt. In addition, she has co-edited two books, Criminal Justice Policy (with Stacy Mallicoat) which was published by Sage in 2014 and California’s Criminal Justice System, 2nd Edition (with Pam Fiber-Ostrow) which was published by Carolina Academic Press in 2014).

Dr. Gardiner is currently a member of the Center for Public Policy at California State University, Fullerton and American Society of Criminology’s Division on Policing. She has served on the boards of the Western Society of Criminology, the Association of Criminal Justice Researchers, and was a founding board member of the Inland Empire Crime and Intelligence Analysts Association. Prior to her work at Cal State Fullerton, Dr. Gardiner worked as a police explorer, dispatcher, crime analyst, and intern-probation officer.

Melissa Reuland, M.A.

Melissa Reuland consults on research and technical assistance projects related to law enforcement responses to people with mental illness. She is currently managing a large-scale project at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry to integrate behavioral health care in primary care settings. Ms. Reuland also works with the Council of State Governments Justice Center and the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) on the Bureau of Justice Administration-funded Law Enforcement/Mental Health Partnership Project. For this project, Ms. Reuland is developing several products designed to support expansion of specialized responses to people with mental illnesses, including: Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: Tailoring Law Enforcement Initiatives to Individual Jurisdictions The Essential Elements of a Specialized Law Enforcement Program, and Strategies for Effective Law Enforcement Training. Ms. Reuland worked at PERF from 1994 through 2004, after 10 years of social science research. While at PERF, Ms. Reuland directed the law enforcement track of CSG’s Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project and PERF’s prior project on the police response to people with mental illnesses, co-authoring the publication of the same name. In addition, she has published several community policing curricula, edited books on crime analysis and problem solving, and written articles for peer-reviewed journals. Ms. Reuland holds an M.A. in criminal justice from the University of Baltimore.

Shefali Tripathi, PhD

Shefali Tripathi is a Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) Certified Law Enforcement Analyst working at the interface of law enforcement practice and applied research. She specializes in crime analysis and crime mapping. She has over 15 years of advanced spatial analysis experience in law enforcement, criminal justice, urban planning and allied fields. She also has experience in quantitative and advanced data analysis including geo-statistical analysis of criminal justice data. Her recent work has focused on gang mapping, juvenile justice and disproportionate minority contact (DMC). She serves on the Grants Review Panel for the US Department of Justice’s SMART Office. Additionally, she is an adjunct instructor teaching graduate level courses in Geographic Information Systems for criminal justice and public safety. She is a trained Geographic Profiling Analyst. Dr. Tripathi holds a Doctorate in Urban and Regional Planning from the University of Florida and a Master’s degree in Geo-information Sciences from Wageningen University in The Netherlands.

Gary Cordner, PhD

Gary Cordner is a former Commissioner with the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) and Co-PI on the National Police Research Platform, as well as Professor Emeritus at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania and Eastern Kentucky University (EKU). Author of the book Police Administration (8th edition) and co-author of Police & Society (6th edition), he worked as a police officer and police chief in Maryland and obtained his PhD from Michigan State University.

Gary previously served as Dean of the College of Justice & Safety at EKU, Director of the Kentucky Regional Community Policing Institute, President of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS), Editor of the American Journal of Police and Founding Editor of Police Quarterly. He has been a judge for the annual Herman Goldstein Award for Outstanding Problem-Oriented Policing since 1996.

Julie Wartell, MPA

Julie Wartell is an independent advisor on public safety issues relating to crime analysis, problem solving and justice systems. Shehas previously served as crime analyst coordinator for the San Diego District Attorney’s Office; project director of the East Valley COMPASS Initiative (a regional analysis effort); crime analyst for the San Diego Police Department, researcher for the Institute for Law and Justice and the Police Executive Research Forum, and fellow at the National Institute of Justice Crime Mapping Research Center. Wartell has performed a wide range of research on and analysis of various crime problems and police-related issues, worked on strategic planning efforts, and coordinated the development of a series of crime mapping training modules. She has conducted extensive training and made presentations to officers and analysts around the world on topics relating to crime analysis and problem-oriented policing, has edited or authored numerous publications, and currently teaches GIS in Urban Studies at the University of California–San Diego. Wartell has a master’s degree from San Diego State University in public administration with an emphasis in criminal justice administration and a Postgraduate Diploma in Applied Criminology and Police Management from University of Cambridge.

Garth den Heyer, DPubPol

Garth is a Senior Research Fellow with the Foundation. He is also an Inspector with the New Zealand National Police with more than 32 years experience and is a lecturer with the Australian Graduate School of Policing and Security at Charles Sturt University in Australia. He is the Manager of National Security for the New Zealand Police and is responsible for implementing and managing the New Zealand Police’s national operational response to natural and civil disasters and national security/counter terrorism incidents.

Dr. den Heyer has extensive experience in police and security sector reform issues in post-conflict nations, including in the Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Bougainville and Afghanistan. Garth has been deployed for nearly two years to the Solomon Islands as part of RAMSI to advise both the international deployment and the local police on organizational reform.

Garth has a Masters degree in economics from the University of London and a Masters degree in Security and Intelligence from Victoria University, Wellington. He also has a Doctorate in Public Policy from Charles Sturt University. Dr den Heyer has published a number of papers and articles on policing, including the militarization of police, police reform in post conflict states and service delivery effectiveness.

He has recently completed an 18 month United States Institute of Peace funded research project which evaluated the role of civilian police in peacekeeping. He is currently the Principle Investigator on the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services’ (COPS) funded research project. This project is a national and international comparative assessment of cost-reducing strategies adopted by police agencies to maintain effective and efficient delivery of services. More information about this project can be found here.

Garth can be reached directly at:

Emily G. Owens, PhD

Emily G. Owens is an assistant professor in the Department of Policy Analysis and Management. She joined the Cornell faculty in 2007 after receiving her Ph.D. in economics at the University of Maryland, College Park. Her primary area of research focuses on government regulation of criminal activity. This includes studying how government policies affect the prevalence of criminal activity as well as the structure of criminal justice systems. In addition to studying how police affect crime and punishment, Dr. Owens’ research also explores the role of officer experience and training on daily policing activities. In addition to her work on police, current research activities include estimating the impact of local economic development on criminal behavior, examining the relationship between immigration policies and crime, exploring the impact of alcohol regulation on violence.

David Klinger, PhD

David A. Klinger is a Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Missouri-St. Louis and Senior Fellow at the Police Foundation in Washington, DC.  He holds a BA in History from Seattle Pacific University, an MA in Justice from American University in Washington, D.C. and a PhD in Sociology from the University of Washington in Seattle.  Prior to pursuing his graduate degrees, Professor Klinger worked for three and one-half years as a patrol officer for the Los Angeles and Redmond (WA) Police Departments.  He has held research positions at the Police Foundation in Washington, D.C.; the University of Washington, Seattle; the Washington State’s Attorney’s Office; and the Seattle Police Department.  In 1997 he was the recipient of the American Society of Criminology’s inaugural Ruth Cavan Young Scholar Award for outstanding early career contributions to the discipline of criminology.  He has served as a member of two National Academy of Sciences committees and has written more than thirty scholarly articles, book chapters, and encyclopedia entries that address topics such as arrest practices, the use of force, how features of communities affect the actions of patrol officers, and terrorism.  Dr. Klinger often conducts training sessions for police officers on the use of deadly force, frequently serves as an expert witness in police-related litigation, and is regularly sought out by news organizations for his take on various police issues.  His book on police shootings, Into the Kill Zone: A Cop’s Eye View of Deadly Force, was published by Jossey-Bass in 2004.