Compstat 360 – Enhancing a Powerful Tool by Integrating Community Policing to Build Trust and Legitimacy While Reducing Crime

Project Purpose/Goal:

CompStat360, previously known as CompStat2.0, is a modernized police performance management approach that represents the next generation of CompStat. It seeks to leverage the strengths of the traditional approach to CompStat while developing a more advanced management tool that collects the data most important to law enforcement agencies and the communities they serve. Developed by the Vera Institute of Justice and the National Police Foundation, the CompStat360 model is driven by a strategic and continual learning approach so that communities and policing agencies can problem-solve, adjust their practices, and make mid-course corrections to optimize results and minimize adverse impacts. It emphasizes active police-community collaboration; appropriate responses to community problems; strategic problem solving; and continual follow-up on police effectiveness and community satisfaction.

Compstat is a data-driven management tool that police departments use to respond rapidly to crime patterns. Since its development in 1994, Compstat has proven to be a valuable measurement and decision-making tool for law enforcement administrators and is widely accepted as one of the most important policing innovations in the last century. Yet by limiting its scope to primarily measuring serious crimes (murder, shootings, robberies, etc.), Compstat as most commonly implemented falls short of tracking and enabling police agencies to be responsive to what also matters to communities – community engagement, quality of life/reduction of harms, trust in the police, and accountability for community and organizational-level performance and decision-making.

Although community policing is largely believed to be essential to building community trust in the police and reducing crime, community policing is rarely systematically monitored and measured by police managers in the same way serious crime is measured. We can significantly improve this by integrating community policing into the Compstat process –CompStat360.

Approach, Results, and Implications:

To assist law enforcement in making this transition towards a re-focused Compstat, CompStat360 will involve a multi-phase initiative with support from the Bureau of Justice Assistance and the MacArthur Foundation. The second phase of this project included launching the CompStat360 approach with five local pilot sites, as well as a process and outcome evaluation and training and technical assistance to promote the use of CompStat360, as well as assist agencies in implementing the approach based on the lessons learned in the demonstration phase.

Funding & Collaboration:

This project is being implemented in partnership with the Vera Institute of Justice and is funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance and the MacArthur Foundation.

Point of Contact:

Jim Burch
Executive Vice President
National Police Foundation
jburch@policefoundation.org

Kerry Yerico
Senior Program Manager
National Police Foundation
kyerico@policefoundation.org

Julia Billings
Project Associate
National Police Foundation
jbillings@policefoundation.org

Keywords:

Compstat, Compstat 2.0, community policing, police-community relations, data-driven, legitimacy, community engagement, performance measurement

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