Archives Erica Richardson

Center for Mass Violence Response Studies

To further its mission to advance public safety, the Police Foundation is establishing the Center for Mass Violence Response Studies

The Center for Mass Violence Response Studies will leverage the Police Foundation’s  expertise and its unique position as an independent organization to advise federal, state, and local public safety officials regarding the response to mass violence events. The Center will conduct objective policy-relevant research, critical incident reviews, initiate training and technical assistance programs t0 inform strategic thinking, advance public safety practice, expand policy and knowledge. The unique mission of the Center will be to prepare public safety, government, school, and community leaders to think critically about the challenges posed by mass casualty events to implement comprehensive response policies and practices.

Background

During the last decade, persons motivated by a range of ideological beliefs and individual factors have engaged in acts of mass violence targeting innocent civilians in communities across the United States. Mass violence attacks, incidents in which multiple persons are killed or injured, have increased in frequency as well as lethality.

While incidents of mass violence, including terrorist events and school shootings, remain relatively infrequent, their effects are devastating for the survivors, families of victims, communities, first responders, and the country. For public safety officials, these incidents represent crises that challenge emergency response protocols and demand actionable research, innovation and science to inform policies and practices.

Why Police Foundation? 

The Police Foundation is uniquely positioned to expand on its knowledge and experience in researching, analyzing and educating public safety leaders and the communities they serve on the response to mass violence attacks. The Police Foundation has conducted critical incident reviews of the San Bernardino terrorist attack, Kalamazoo shootings and the Pulse Night Club attack. It is currently conducting a comprehensive review of the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting. The Police Foundation developed and maintains the Averted School Violence (ASV) database, is conducting a state by state review of school facility and building safety and security standards, and is leading a countering violent extremism project in the Boston area.

Point of Contact

Chief (Ret.) Frank Straub, Ph.D. 
fstraub@policefoundation.org
202-833-1460

“Peace Officers” Are The Guardians of Our Society

By Chief David G. Dominguez (Ret.)
City of Palm Springs, CA

In 2016, our colleague, Executive Director, Sue Rahr of the Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission wrote on the Police Foundation blog about how law enforcement has become very good at fighting crime; yet, as a profession, we are struggling; I would agree, law enforcement in the United States is at a crossroads with continuous challenges. Since that time, Police Chiefs and law enforcement executives around the country have examined how training and development occurs so recruits and officers are steeped in community and cohesion—and understand they are guardians in addition to warriors. There will always be an element of warrior, it is the part of the profession. One just needs to look at the recent increase in line of duty deaths, the mass shootings and the dangerous life-threatening situations police officers face daily.

To many this Guardian and Warrior discussion poses the question: Guardians of what? I submit that police officers are guardians of the fabric of society, not just the people. Recently, I was introduced to a new organization which was formed to address this same issue. They are called “Police2Peace” and their mission is unique and straightforward—to include the designation “Peace Officer” on law enforcement vehicles. You might ask, why would a charitable initiative be formed to distribute this message? Read More & Share

Alexa Skills 5-O Quiz

How Well Do YOU Know 5-O? 

Ask Amazon Alexa and find out!

 

The Police Foundation is excited to announce it recently launched its very own Amazon Alexa Skills Quiz! “How Well Do I Know Five-Oh?” is a short 10-question multiple-choice quiz to test your knowledge about police officers in America (sometimes referred to in slang as “5-O” or “Five-Oh”) and the work they do. All questions are based on facts and data from national research and statistics and cover topics from average police salaries, hiring requirements, assaults and line of duty deaths and topics such as use of force and body worn cameras.

Instructions for enabling and taking the quiz

  1. Log in to your Amazon account through your mobile device, tablet, or computer and go to the Amazon Skills homepage
  2. Search all skills by the title “How Well Do I Know Five-Oh?”
  3. Click the “Enable Skill” button
  4. Ask Alexa, “Alexa, how well do I know five-oh?”
  5. Alexa will automatically initiate the quiz, which is a series of 10 multiple-choice questions.
  6. Respond to the multiple choice questions by choosing and speaking the correct response number, such as “one”, “two”, “three,” or “four.”
  7. At the conclusion of the quiz, Alexa will tell you how many questions out of 10 you answered correctly.

Social Media Contest!

Enter by September 1, 2018, for a chance to win an exclusive Police Foundation 5-O T-shirt! 

Contest details & instructions:

  1. Take the quiz using your (or a friend’s) Amazon Echo Alexa device.
  2. Share the graphic below on Instagram, Twitter, or Facebook with the caption: “I just took the Police Foundation 5-O Quiz on my Alexa!”
  3. Include the hashtag #PFFiveOhQuiz
  4. Tag a friend in your post and challenge them to take the quiz to see how much they know about the 5-O.
  5. We will monitor contest entries through the hashtag and randomly select winners.
  6.  Up to 5 contest winners will be announced on Monday, September 3, 2018.

Good luck!

Getting Ready for the NIBRS Transition

By Sheriff Anthony Wickersham (Macomb County, Michigan) and Chief Edwin Roessler (Fairfax County, Virginia)

On January 1, 2021, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) will retire the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program’s Summary Reporting System (SRS). After then, the FBI will only collect crime statistics through the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). We should understand why this is an important move and prepare for it.

As local law enforcement executives, we face the same challenges you do when it comes to federal systems and changes, but the switch from UCR SRS to NIBRS is one that is necessary. While some may see it as an added cost, we’ve found the change to be both manageable and effective. Our agencies have seen many benefits after switching to NIBRS, including the ability to better track and analyze drug-related crimes and better data on location types, among others outlined below. We recommend all law enforcement executives to continue reading for more information about this important transition and opportunity for our profession.

Why NIBRS matters

NIBRS is more comprehensive and detailed than SRS.  Although SRS has served our nation for many decades, NIBRS is a more modern system with a number of advantages: Read More & Share

Police Foundation Board of Directors Chairman Named Assistant County Executive Officer Over Public Safety in Santa Barbara, California

             

June 22, 2018 — The Police Foundation is pleased to share the following news regarding its Board of Directors Chairman Bernard Melekian.

Dr. Melekian, who is currently the Undersheriff for Santa Barbara County, will be transferring to the County Executive Office on September 10, 2018, as the Assistant County Executive Officer (ACEO) over public safety.

Melekian will be responsible for coordinating interdepartmental efforts among public safety and justice departments, such as improving efficiencies of the criminal justice system, evaluating a new public safety radio network, and developing options for the existing Main Jail.

“It has been my honor and privilege to work with the men and women of the Santa Barbara Sheriff’s Office. I look forward to continuing to serve public safety working with the County Executive Office,” said Melekian.

Prior to being appointed as the Undersheriff for Santa Barbara County in 2015, Melekian served in law enforcement and the military. He has more than 40 years of law enforcement experience, including serving as the Police Chief for the city of Pasadena for 13 years. He also served with the Santa Monica Police Department for 23 years where he was awarded the Medal of Valor in 1978 and the Medal of Courage in 1980. He was selected as the Director of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) by Attorney General Eric Holder, serving from 2009-2013.

Dr. Melekian is a nationally recognized expert in police practices. His doctoral work on Values-Based-Discipline in Law Enforcement Organizations received the Sol Price Award as the outstanding doctoral project of 2012 in the School of Policy, Planning and Development at the University of Southern California. He received a master’s of Public Administration and a bachelor’s in American History from California State University, Northridge. He also is a graduate of the Harvard Executive Session, a three-year program aimed at producing quality academic publications for the benefit of law enforcement throughout the world. Melekian also served in the United States Army and Coast Guard Reserves and served in two tours of active duty.

To view the full press release, please click here.

Police Foundation President, Jim Bueermann, Receives 2018 Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy Distinguished Achievement Award

Pictured: David Weisburd, Director of CEBCP, Chief (Ret.) and Police Foundation President, Jim Bueermann, and Laurie Robinson, Clarence J. Robinson Professor of Criminology, Law and Society at GMU. Photo by: Ron Aira/Creative Services/George Mason University

June 22, 2018, WASHINGTON, D.C. — The Police Foundation is pleased to announce that its President, Chief (ret.) Jim Bueermann, was selected as the recipient of the 2018 Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy Distinguished Achievement Award. President Bueermann received the award on June 21, 2018, at the annual CEBCP Symposium at George Mason University.

The Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy established the “CEBCP Distinguished Achievement Award in Evidence-Based Crime Policy” in 2010. Consistent with the mission of the Center, this award recognizes outstanding achievements and contributions by individuals in academia, practice, or the policy arena who are committed to a leadership role in advancing the use of scientific research evidence in decisions about crime and justice policies. This role includes notable efforts in connecting criminology, law and society researchers with criminal justice institutions, or advancing scientific research more generally in crime and justice.

“Evidence-based practice is critical for continuous improvement within the criminal justice field,” said Jim Bueermann, President of the Police Foundation and former Chief of Police in Redlands, California. “Researchers and practitioners can collaborate to make more effective policy decisions that are supported by facts.”   

The Police Foundation is committed to advancing policing through innovation and science. For more than 45 years, the Foundation’s focus has been conducting scientific research experiments in order to make evidence-based recommendations to the law enforcement field, translating research findings to inform decisions on policies, procedures, training, technology, and officer safety for police departments across the United States.  

“By combining research evidence with the expertise of criminal justice leaders, we can ensure evidence-based decisions are being made that will not only improve the criminal justice system, but benefit the entire community of people it serves.”

Jim Bueermann (far right) and Edmund McGarrell (second from right) were the two recipients of the 2018 CEBCP Distinguished Achievement Award. Photo by: Ron Aira/Creative Services/George Mason University

If you would like more information on the George Mason CEBCP, please visit http://cebcp.org.

National Survey Finds Public Wants More Say on Law Enforcement Practices

Researchers to follow new findings with site visits to gather more data on effective public engagement

June 20, 2018, Washington, D.C. — Today, New York University Law School’s Policing Project, the Police Foundation, and the National Urban League released a new study, Beyond the Conversation: Ensuring Meaningful Police-Community Engagement, which highlights the public’s desire for more say in policing matters.

Click on the image to view a full copy of the report, including key findings and next steps.

“The study shows that although many police agencies are trying to engage the public, much more needs to be done to ensure the public has a meaningful say in how their communities are policed,” said NYU Law Professor and Policing Project Director Barry Friedman. “Members of the public want to have input, but are skeptical departments will listen. Departments say they lack resources to hear from the public, or are themselves doubtful the public understands enough about policing to be helpful.”

Still, there is reason for optimism. Many departments are trying to reach the public, and indicated they would do more if the resources were available.

“The police can build on the relationships they do have, and take steps to hear what the community wants before changing policy,” Friedman said.

The study found many law enforcement agencies still view community engagement as a way to tell the public about new policy changes, rather than listening to the community’s input at the policy development stage.

“Substantive engagement isn’t easy, but it is essential,” said Police Foundation President Jim Bueermann. “This finding suggests an opportunity for agencies to continue building legitimacy and trust by considering ways to factor the public’s voice into their decision-making.”

Building on these findings, the project partners will conduct site visits to jurisdictions across the country to learn more about promising examples of community engagement around key policing decisions, and to identify best practices tailored to agencies of different sizes and needs. The work will culminate with a major convening at NYU School of Law next spring.

“The survey results make clear that community members want a greater sense of shared ownership in the work of their police department and the safety of their neighborhoods,” said National Urban League President Marc H. Morial. “We look forward to working with our project partners to identify promising approaches to fostering this sort of engagement.”

This study was undertaken with the support of a grant from the Charles Koch Foundation, an organization supporting students, scholars, and partners exploring wide range of inquiry including criminal justice and policing reform, free speech and open inquiry, foreign policy, economic opportunity, and innovation.

For more information, you can learn more about the report here. Inquiries can be directed to:

Maria Ponomarenko
Deputy Director, Policing Project
maria.ponomarenko@nyu.edu
609-442-7906

Law Enforcement Agencies Across the U.S. Standing Up to Hate Crimes

Fifty-four agencies have accepted a national law enforcement challenge to release open data on hate and bias-motivated crime, making the data more accessible to communities 

May 30, 2018 (WASHINGTON, D.C.) — As of May 2018, more than 50 police agencies have chosen to participate in an unprecedented national law enforcement movement to release open data on hate and bias crime. The Police Foundation’s initiative marks an important step by police departments to promote transparency and collaboration with the communities they serve and increase awareness about hate crime. Although hate crime information submitted by some law enforcement agencies is published by the federal government annually, by participating in this initiative, agencies are committed to making the data more accessible to their communities and in a more timely manner.

Hate crimes are often underreported and consequently not well documented. By releasing this information to the public in the form of open data, agencies can help narrow the reporting gap, call more attention to the problem in an effort to better prevent these incidents, and set a foundation for two-way engagement and problem-solving between law enforcement and the community. More accurate reporting will ultimately lead to a better understanding of hate crime in the United States, which in turn will enable informed decision-making around preventing and addressing this type of offense.

“Hate and bias crimes affect many citizens,” said Police Chief J. Thomas Manger, Montgomery County Police. “By making the data from these incidents public through open data reporting, all residents can be aware of these incidents and work together with law enforcement to help the community overcome and prevent hate crimes.”

A list of the 54 participating law enforcement agencies.

The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) was a key partner to the Police Foundation in this initiative through active outreach to agencies across the country.

“The importance of this initiative lies not in earlier access to data, but in the statement open data makes about law enforcement’s commitment to fighting hate crimes,” said David Friedman, VP of Law Enforcement and Community Security, ADL.

Agencies unfamiliar with the practice of releasing open data on hate crimes can access the Police Foundation’s guide: Releasing Open Data on Hate Crimes: A Best Practices Guide for Law Enforcement, which includes case studies of other departments who released open hate crime data in their jurisdictions.

“We applaud these law enforcement agencies for their commitment to public safety as they draw attention to the unacceptable problem of hate crimes,” said Jim Bueermann, President, Police Foundation. “Better hate crime data will position agencies and communities to take a stronger stance against these types of crimes.”

Established in 1970, the Police Foundation is a national, non-partisan, non-profit organization dedicated to improving policing through innovation and science. For 48 years, the Foundation has conducted research on all aspects of policing and is leading the way in promoting and sharing evidence-based practices and innovation among law enforcement. The Foundation is currently working with hundreds of police agencies nationwide, as well as internationally, providing research and translation, training, technical assistance, and modern technology implementation. The Foundation is a leader in officer safety and wellness, community policing, open-data, investigations, and law-enforcement technology. The Foundation’s main goal is to improve the way police do their work and the delivery of police services, in order to benefit officers and the communities they serve, as well as reduce crime.  

###

If you would like more information on open data and policing, please contact Garrett Johnson, Research Assistant, Police Foundation, by email at gjohnson@policefoundation.org or by phone at 202-833-1460. You may also visit the Police Foundation main website at www.policefoundation.org.

COMING SOON!
New Police Foundation Reports and Training Opportunities!